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bengal slow loris iucn

December 22, 2020 0 Comments

The Bengal slow loris is the largest species of slow loris, weighing 1 to 2.1 kg, and measuring between 26 and 38 cm from head to tail. Bengal Slow Loris area.png 290 × 303; 9 KB. Their faces are round, their eyes are large, and they have colored patches of fur around their eyes. Trying to trace the shy and nocturnal Bengal slow loris, primatologists in India’s biodiversity-rich northeast India kept missing the gum and sap-feeding endangered primate species till 2008. Lack of funding also plagues adequate research on the species. In Lao PDR, the population seems to be fairly undisturbed and occurs in large forest tracts (R. Timmins pers. Bengal slow loris, listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List (Streicher et al. © RoundGlass 2020, India The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent over three generations (approximately 24 years). It has gone locally extinct in several regions. “There is this belief that lorises have healing properties and are used for a large number of treatments. The Bengal Slow Loris ( Nycticebus bengalensis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area (s): Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. The Slow Loris is a group of Lorises in the taxonomic genus Nycticebus.They are closely related to their sister genus Loris, the Slender Lorises.Scientists believe there are eight different species of Slow Loris. Tracing the species inside protected areas It has dense, woolly, brown-gray fur on its back and white fur on its underside. As we continue to navigate life through the outbreak of the Coronavirus (COVID-19), we wish to keep Sanctuary's supporters and readers connected to recent news and articles. h�b```��, Pygmy slow lorises and Bengal slow lorises evolved from a common ancestor and are similiar in appearance. Poaching and illegal logging in its habitat have severely decreased the population of this species. “We found that despite hunting and habitat loss Bengal slow lorises still exist in Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, albeit patchily within a forest block. The pressures are causing a reduction in the population of more than 50 percent over three generations (approximately 24 years). The diet of the Bengal slow loris consists of fruits, insects, snails, tree sap, and gum, etc. 2008), is threatened in part by habitat loss and fragmentation, but it is becoming increasingly clear that in fact commercial wildlife trade poses the greatest threat. Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered: Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam Facts Summary: The Bengal Slow Loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam. Like all Lorises, their slow movement makes them easy to capture. 214 0 obj <>stream hޤUmo�0�+��ib~ɻTU��l�F��V��!�D "�����]l���):|���b?��D�S"d2�!bR*c+ �))���dR%�(X�$(.��� ?׵�aڃ�ק�0ӽL�ﬨ5� �U��e?�2�Y��CfO���R���\�g�%5��|�ѲjN�Do,LJ�uM�z�K����e�:�L C����ど_d��y>�W������N�d����^����U6���ww;�DK`-��y�f��x�ǩ��J_~i�"w�I���ѳ�,M��],���6��1���j�.o��(��c^N�M^v�:_���ڜM���Fv�-�.2��y�e����6�~�9D�L&���%C�G3��U���H��"�V�BGV�OЗ�Cs�o`����HH:AH: Bengal slow lorises are the largest of the species, weighing up to two kilograms. They aren’t nearly as lanky and long legged as other primates. All of the slow loris are under threat of wildlife business and habitat loss. 1756 114th AVE SE The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in north-east India. Key words: Bengal slow loris, distribution, survival threats, conservation, Meghalaya, India Introduction The Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is one of two nocturnal primates found in India. Bornean Slow Loris . Bengal slow loris is facing habitat loss due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across its range. grf It has a skull length of more than 62 mm (2.4 in). It is categorized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. It dawned upon us that this chilly June night might not be any different. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) listed the wild animal as ‘endangered’ in its Red List of Threatened Species. Article milestones ; Date Process Result; Good article nominee: Listed: A fact from this article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page in the "Did you know?" As witchcraft prevails in many places, people use their hands and legs in rituals, added Biswas. In India they are known to occur in seven of the north-eastern states excluding Sikkim. Slow lorises … This species secretes a chemically distinct toxin from other slow loris species from its brachial gland, which, when combined with their saliva, forms a … Hathazari UNO, also member secretary of the Chittagong Zoo Executive Committee said the Bengal Slow Loris was doing fine at the zoo. It has a skull length of more than 62 mm. English: Bengal slow loris, Ashy Slow Loris, ... IUCN: Nycticebus bengalensis (Lacépède, 1800) (old web site) (Vulnerable) Media in category "Nycticebus bengalensis" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. In the early 1990s, Wang et al. %PDF-1.4 %���� The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in north-east India. Listed on the IUCN Red List as “Data Deficit” as of May 25, The Bengal Slow Loris was evaluated as “unprotected” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) at 20 – just enough field data based on habitat loss due to lack of decision. Slow lorises are threatened by a combination of habitat loss and over-exploitation, and nowhere is this more apparent than in wildlife markets of Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar and southern China. 186 0 obj <> endobj The Bengal slow loris is a gum-eating, nocturnal, tree-dwelling primate species found in northeast India. Jhum cultivation, expansion of tea estates and the conversion of forests for agricultural uses are endangering the animal. Slow loris area.png 204 × 254; 23 KB. This species is also known by … Slow lorises are a group of primates comprising eight species occurring in South and South-East Asia. Unlike monkeys, they do not have long tails, but they do have a short stub of a tail. Size. The Bengal Slow Loris has been categorized as globally Vulnerable by IUCN due to their decreasing populations. Cover photo: Conservationist/Shutterstock. The diet of the Bengal slow loris consists of fruits, insects, snails, tree sap, and gum, etc. Slow lorises, such as this Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) were once considered common, but are now recognized as threatened species. Photo Taken At Endangered Primate Rescue Center, Cuc Phuong National Park, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam. Most species are around 10 inches long, though some species are larger or smaller than others. Bengal Slow Loris – Bengal slow Lorises have a relatively extensive range, and their populations live throughout Southeast Asia. Through their surveys, they found that while the encounter rate was relatively low in the study area compared to encounter rates for slow lorises elsewhere in their range but it was higher than recorded by other studies in north-east India. It also has a clear dark stripe that runs up to the top of its head, but does not extend laterally towards the ears. It prefers rainforests with dense canopies, and its presence in its native habitat indicates a healthy ecosystem. Threats at large Fig 2: IUCN Bengal slow loris distribution range Fig 3: Slow loris in Manas National Park Fig 4: Slow loris in Nameri National Park Fig 5: Slow loris in Bherjan-Borajan WLS Fig 6: Slow loris in Garampani WLS Fig 7: Map showing Bengal slow loris surveyed PAs in Assam. 24 Day Old Bengal Slow Loris. If it no longer meets these criteria, you can reassess it. Considered a subspecies of the Sunda slow loris (N. coucang) until 2001, phylogenetic analysis suggests that the Bengal slow loris is most closely related to the Sunda slow loris. (Visited 730 times, 1 visits today) Endangered Primate Rescue Center – Vietnam. Mohali – 160062, Punjab, United States As with many nocturnal prosimian species, little is known about its behavior or ecology; even less information is available on its distribution and population status in … Although Satchari National Park is a small forest patch, loris encounter rate is higher in this patch. It is categor- ized as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List (Streicher et al., 2008). The smaller body size in pygmy slow lorises is thought to be the result of character displacement, the accentuation of differences between similar species that share the same geographic distribution. Slow lorises are nocturnal strepsirrhine primates in the genus Nycticebus that live in the rainforests of South and Southeast Asia. This species secretes a chemically distinct toxin from other slow loris species from its brachial gland, which, when combined with their saliva, forms a powerful venom. According to Dilip Chetry, head of primate research and conservation division of Aaranyak, a wildlife non-profit based in Guwahati, there are a few tree species where the species is found. These are Grewia microcos, Schima wallichii (needlewood tree), Gmelina arborea (beechwood or goomar teak), Delonix regia (Royal poinciana) and Terminalia chebula (black-or chebulic myrobalan). Its geographic range is larger than that of any other slow loris species. The greater slow loris and the Bengal slow loris are both protected under Thai law and listed on IUCN’s (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) Red List as Vulnerable. Bengal Slow Loris area.png 290 × 303; 9 KB. IUCN has listed them as Endangered, whereas they are listed under the Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972, according them the … Then when we started a project with Nabajit Das, we followed proper methods and found the animal,” Biswas said. The Sunda slow loris (Nycticebus coucang) or greater slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to Indonesia, West Malaysia, southern Thailand and Singapore.It measures 27 to 38 cm (11 to 15 in) from head to tail and weighs between 599 and 685 g (21.1 and 24.2 oz). The Bengal slow loris was only recently recognised as a distinct species having been previously classed as a sub species of Nycticebus coucang. � According to a study, slow lorises in many parts in Asia are traded as exotic pets. Das observed a change in the mindset of local community members after each awareness drive. The Bengal Slow Loris is listed as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Scientific Name Nycticebus bengalensis. The species is also predicted to decline by more than 50 percent over the next three generations across its entire range due to continuing hunting pressures and loss of habitat, researchers said. Reintroduction is defined by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ... Pygmy, and Bengal Slow Loris. 厓�-�: It is nocturnal and arboreal in nature. Eventually, the rare primate species was sent to Chittagong Zoo. RoundGlass Sustain is a media-rich resource on India’s natural world. “Up to 2008, I encountered mostly rescued and released animals. Though there are several different species of Lorises, they are quite similar in shape and size. 105 Abstract: The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is a nocturnal prosimian that inhabits the forests of northeastern India. A female slow loris, Nycticebus bengalensis, at the Endangered Primate Rescue Center. Each of the slow loris species identified before 2012 is listed in the IUCN Red list as “weak” or “endangered.” The three new species have not yet been evaluated, but they are (and are, to some extent, reduced) considered to be single “vulnerable” species. The greater slow loris and the Bengal slow loris are both protected under Thai law and listed on IUCN’s (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) Red List as Vulnerable. The Bengal slow loris is the largest of the slow loris species, with considerable variation of size, and coat colour. All four are expected to be listed at least simultaneously, if not high-risk, conservation status. Until 2007, the IUCN This is due to loss of habitat and severe pressures from hunting, there is more than 30% reduction in population over three generations. All four are expected to be listed at least simultaneously, if not high-risk, conservation status. However, hunting continues even in protected areas mainly for use in traditional medicines. As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. The species will be found in at least 5 protected areas in northeast India, 4 conservation ar… IUCN has listed them as Endangered, whereas they are listed under the Schedule I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972, according them the highest level of legal protection. Each of the slow loris species identified before 2012 is listed in the IUCN Red list as “weak” or “endangered.” The three new species have not yet been evaluated, but they are (and are, to some extent, reduced) considered to be single “vulnerable” species. The Bengal slow loris is also the largest of the slow loris species, weighing between 1 and 2 kg and with a body length (head to tail) of 26 to 38 cm. The limited information on its status and ecology is the main hindrance to developing a conservation strategy for this species in India. Featured species: A Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) at the Singapore Zoo. Photo: Koushik Bhattacharjee/Shutterstock, This story was first published in Mongabay India. This nocturnal and arboreal (tree dwelling) species has a round head, small ears and large round forward facing eye… Slow loris sleeps by rolling its head and hand in between things like a ball and wakes up at dusk to start its activity (Finn, 1929). Sometimes, they are also found in bamboo thickets. According to Nabajit Das’ research, the animals are seen in trees up to 30 feet from the ground in the forests of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. 'Smugglers' abandon Bengal slow lorises at Khadgarha. One new species has recently been discovered on Borneo. “They sleep by day in hollowed out trees, tree crevices and branches. IUCN has omitted Bhutan as a Bengal loris range country despite its reported occurrence in the country by a few studies. The Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) or northern slow loris is a strepsirrhine primate and a species of slow loris native to the Indian subcontinent and Indochina. As on July 2020, the Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, due to a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting. English: Bengal slow loris, Ashy Slow Loris, ... IUCN: Nycticebus bengalensis (Lacépède, 1800) (old web site) (Vulnerable) Media in category "Nycticebus bengalensis" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. Mostly, the animal is rescued from kitchens in the villages after being trapped. The Bengal slow loris is listed as Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN, 2015), appearing on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as a result of a combination of habitat loss and severe pressures from hunting which have caused a greater than 50% reduction in their population over three generations (approximately 24 years). The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis is the only strepsirrhine primate in north-east India. The Bengal slow loris Nycticebus bengalensis has a large geographic range spanning Northeast India, Myanmar, Cambodia, southern China, Laos, and Thailand, all the way to Vietnam. Swapna Nelaballi. This nocturnal and arboreal (tree dwelling) species has a round head, small ears and large round forward facing eyes, which reflect the light, a vestigial tail and specially adapted hands and feet for climbing. Bengal slow loris Sunda slow loris Bornean slow loris Javan slow loris Figure 1: Distribution of Slow Loris species. Since 2009, the northeast region has lost at least 3,199 sq km of area. e*�+S�X}�т�)�+����@h2�3�@]*� �r1�U@��bb?��@,� �J��S��@���us�!� `�ť� j�� w�5� The Bengal slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, occurring in both evergreen and deciduous forests. Bengal Slow Lorises are the largest of the species, weighing up to two kilogrammes. I did not find any loris in the wild, even though I extensively searched for it in the forests. TERMS OF USE Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The range of the Bengal slow loris extends from Vietnam to China, but in India, it is confined to India’s northeast. However, in 2008 the IUCN Red List classified the Bengal Slow Loris as Vulnerable due to an expected 30% decline in the next three generations over the species’ entire range. Their habitat is ra… International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) classifies the Slow Loris into 5 species. “Some awareness drives have been conducted in selective sites. However, the IUCN still lists this species as Vulnerable to extinction. Mass awareness about Bengal slow loris and other primate species are urgently needed in their distribution ranges as people are not much aware of this nocturnal species and its role in the ecosystem as well as the importance of its conservation, said Das. It was only in 2009 when primatologists in the region got together and switched methods to scout out for the little-known venomous primate that they uncovered more about it. INTRODUCTION The Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is one of seven nocturnal strepsirrhine primates that occur in Asia (IUCN, 2008). He maintained that hunting is principally carried out to meet the local needs for traditional medicines. “Bengal slow loris (Nycticebus bengalensis) is solitary and shy. Bengal slow lorises (Nycticebus bengalensis) are anything but ordinary.Known as lajwanti banor, or ‘shy monkey’ in Bangla, they are anatomically and behaviourally peculiar.The English name ‘slow loris’ is a misnomer, conjuring images of a sloth-like existence. “That’s why we missed it,” Biswas of Primate Research Centre North East India based in Assam, told Mongabay-India. So, it is tough to detect it in the wild. As it is exclusively found almost in all the forested areas of northeast India, our efforts are negligible,” Das said. Jhum cultivation, expansion of tea estates and the conversion of … The Bengal slow loris which prefers to search for its food under the cover of night is protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 as a Schedule-I species that accords the highest level of protection. IUCN Red List Status Vulnerable. It is nocturnal and arboreal in nature. It points out that Mong La in Myanmar is a major trading centre for Bengal slow lorises. The pygmy slow loris Nycticebus pygmaeus is a little-studied primate endemic to Vietnam, Laos, southern China and eastern Cambodia. International Union for conservation of Nature ( IUCN )... Pygmy, and they have colored patches of north-east.... The animal is rescued from kitchens in the wild, even though I extensively for! International Union for the conservation of Nature ( IUCN ) classifies the loris. Today ) Endangered primate Rescue Center, Cuc Phuong National Park, Ninh Province..., 2008 ) 9 KB forested areas of northeast India Vietnam, Laos, southern and... To buy, sell or solicit as a sub species of Nycticebus coucang lorises many. To increasing habitat destruction due to felling of roosting and feeding trees across its range canopies, Bengal... 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